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  • Steven Moore

What is...a Business Analyst?

We continue our Data series by reviewing some of the key roles of a data team. In this article, we take a deeper look at the Business Analyst role.


A Business Analyst is a professional who bridges the gap between business objectives and technology solutions. They possess a unique skill set that combines domain knowledge, analytical thinking, and communication abilities. Business analysts work closely with stakeholders, such as project managers, executives, and subject matter experts, to identify business needs, define requirements, and propose effective solutions.


Within a data team, a business analyst assumes a multifaceted role, encompassing a range of responsibilities. Let's examine some of the key aspects of their role:

1. Requirement Gathering and Analysis:

Business analysts collaborate closely with stakeholders to understand their business objectives and elicit requirements related to data analysis projects. They conduct interviews, workshops, and document analysis to gain a comprehensive understanding of the organization's needs. By thoroughly examining existing processes, they identify areas that can benefit from data-driven insights and propose suitable solutions.

2. Data Modeling and Documentation:

A crucial responsibility of a business analyst is to define and document data requirements. They create data models, entity-relationship diagrams, and data dictionaries to ensure a clear understanding of the data structures and relationships. By employing industry-standard techniques, business analysts help establish a solid foundation for data analysis and reporting.

3. Data Analysis and Interpretation:

Business analysts are adept at analyzing large volumes of data using various statistical techniques and tools. They employ data visualization techniques to transform complex datasets into intuitive visual representations that facilitate understanding. By extracting meaningful insights, they identify patterns, trends, and anomalies, enabling stakeholders to make informed decisions.

4. Collaboration with Data Scientists and IT Professionals:

In a data team, business analysts act as liaisons between stakeholders, data scientists, and IT professionals. They work closely with data scientists to define analysis objectives, assist in selecting appropriate algorithms, and validate analytical models. Additionally, business analysts collaborate with IT professionals to ensure the smooth integration of data systems and data quality assurance.

5. Communication and Stakeholder Management:

Effective communication is paramount for a business analyst. They bridge the gap between technical jargon and business requirements, translating complex concepts into clear and concise language that stakeholders can understand. Business analysts also facilitate effective collaboration and ensure that project goals align with stakeholder expectations. They play a vital role in presenting findings, insights, and recommendations to non-technical stakeholders, influencing decision-making processes.


As we can see, a business analyst may perform several different tasks on a data team. The true definition of a business analyst depends on the company or client the business analyst is partnered with. For instance, some companies may have different levels of business analysts with a different role focus. There are project management-oriented business analysts, focused more on communications and project structure. Some companies may have more technically-oriented business analysts (a.k.a Technical Business Analyst) where the business analyst focuses more on performing technical work such as analytics, testing, and light coding. Some companies may use the terms Business Analyst, Data Analyst, and Business Intelligence Analyst synonymously, where the role performs a hybrid of project management, technical analytics, and coding.

Bringing it all together:

The role of a business analyst within a data team is multifaceted and critical for driving data-driven decision-making processes. From gathering requirements and modeling data structures to conducting insightful analysis and facilitating stakeholder communication, business analysts bring value to organizations by leveraging data as a strategic asset. By serving as a bridge between business and technology, they contribute to the successful implementation of data-driven initiatives and help organizations stay ahead in an increasingly competitive landscape.


Coming up

In our next post, we'll continue our series of reviewing each data team role in depth. We will review the Data Analyst role of the data team and the important work this data team member performs. Stay tuned.






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